Management is a very consolidated topic. It is a kind of science
that runs across all public or private organizations, profit or non-
profit. It is mainly focused on the social structure of the
organization and it involves mostly planning, assembling,
staffing, and controlling the existing resources to attain the goals
of the firm. Management assignments cover a variety of topics
such as human resources, supply-chain management, marketing,
operations, project, and even strategic management. Each
assignment requires a different approach. Therefore, here are a
few management assignments approaches that can help
students attain good scores.
Generally, the most common type of management assignment focuses on making presentations on a specific topic. They also
focus on solving a case study or even just simply writing a report. Therefore, as a proactive student, it is imperative to break down
and prepare ahead for your assignment. There are several recommended management assignment approaches recommended as
discussed. However, one needs to understand that the heart of every management approach is the P-O-L-C framework (Planning,
Organizing, Leading, and Controlling).
This is one of the oldest approaches to management. This approach to
management emphasizes the hierarchical nature of management, the
single nature of leadership, and specialized roles to ensure optimal
efficiency and believes that leadership is centralized. This is the
traditional structure of executive leadership, middle management, and
supervisors. This approach also focuses on a clear division of labor or
specialized roles within the workplace. Finally, the approach
emphasizes that employees are motivated by monetary incentives.
Using the classical approach as a management assignment
approach has its advantages. The classical approach is quite useful
when the focus is on employee experience, resources, and
coordination within the organization.
This approach views the whole organization as a single system. A system is made up of several elements which are dependent on
each other to run smoothly. Each system also has subsystems. Therefore, within an organization, the various departments are
viewed as interdependent subsystems. These should work harmoniously to achieve pre-set goals of the organization. These
subsystems are managed by top management. As a management assignment approach, this will be useful in a variety of
subjects. This is in most areas where the main goal of the management assignment is on the interdependence and interrelatedness
of various subsystems within the organization. For instance, studying the productivity capacity of the organization whereby the
various related departments are examined such as marketing, finance, product planning, production, etc.
This is a recent approach to management. It opposes the traditional approaches to management issues, that is the “one-size-fits-all”
approach. Instead, it promulgates the notion that different situations require different approaches. The contingency approach to
management stipulates that each situation should be handled uniquely after understanding its characteristics. The emphasis here is
on situational analysis and the integration of environmental management into practice in a more contemporary way. However, this
approach has been criticized that it lacks a theoretical basis. It has also been pointed out that the feasibility of this approach
depends on the intellectual capability of the implementers.
As a management assignment approach, contingency requires a modicum of thought processing. This is because the decision-
making process is contingent on situation analysis. However, it is a very useful approach, especially in case study assignments
which today are common in business schools globally. The contingency approach as a management assignment approach
ensures that a student takes a very analytical approach to the situation to achieve a feasible outcome. However, this approach is
useful mostly where the management issues are repetitive in nature which is not always the case. This is because the functioning of
an organization is not solely dependent on the manager’s influence. There are other contingents involved.
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