1. What is meant by the standard view of the appropriate use of medical information systems? Identify three key criteria for determining whether a particular use or user is appropriate.
  2. Can quality standards for system developers and maintainers simultaneously safe-guard against error and abuse and stimulate scientific progress? Explain your answers. Why is there an ethical obligation to adhere to a standard of care?
  3. Identify (a) two major threats to patient confidentiality, and (b) policies or strategies that you propose for protecting confidentiality against these threats.