takeholders in a health services problem include:
In an environmental problem, the same general categories of stakeholders are represented, although the members of the consumer and other groups are specific to the environmental problem.
The political climate can be loosely defined as the combination of past and present public stances, often conflicting, of the key stakeholder groups as well as the prior attempts to solve the problem.
When planning to begin a program or to conduct an intervention to address a public problem, a certain intervention may be effective from a technical standpoint but unpopular with stakeholders. If stakeholders’ needs and concerns are not addressed, the program will fail on various levels.
A military airbase was established on this Alaskan island during World War II and underground nuclear bomb testing was conducted during 1965–1971 (Giblin, Stahl, & Bechtel, 2002). These events and subsequent stakeholder participation are summarized by Rutgers University faculty members in the abstracts of several journal articles.
One of the stakeholder involvement activities was participation in sampling of wildlife and other biota at the site during an independent external scientific assessment of the site by the Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation (CRESP) (access photos at http://www.cresp.org/amchitka_photos/amchitka_phase2/apia/index.html).
An advocacy group involved in the controversy was GreenPeace. GreenPeace was founded in 1971 during a voyage to protest nuclear weapons testing on Amchitka (accessible at http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/
Giblin, M. O., Stahl, D. C., & Bechtel, J. A. (2002). Surface remediation in the
Aleutian Islands: A case study of Amchitka Island, Alaska. Paper presented
at the WM Conference, Tucson, AZ, February 24–28. Retrieved from